Hair Loss (Part 1)

Hair loss, also known as alopecia, is a common condition where individuals experience a loss of hair from the scalp or other parts of the body. Hair loss can be hereditary such as Androgenic alopecia in male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness. It is characterized by a genetically determined gradual conversion of terminal hairs into vellus hairs, leading to hair loss.

It is a gradual onset, increased hair shedding, and a transition from large, thick, pigmented terminal hairs to thinner, shorter, and nonpigmented vellus hairs. Men typically experience a recession of the frontal hairline and thinning in the temporal areas, while women often lose hair diffusely over the crown without marked baldness.

Hormonal changes such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT), menopause and thyroid issues also can cause hair loss. Androgens including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), play a crucial role in regulating hair growth. In androgenetic alopecia, DHT is believed to be the main culprit behind hair follicle damage.

Women experience significant hormonal fluctuations during menopause, with changes in progesterone and oestrogen levels. These fluctuations can cause temporary or long-lasting thinning of the hair due to hormonal imbalances.


To be continued in Part 2.

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