Melasma Skin Pigmentation

Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by brown or blue-gray patches. It causes darker patches on the face, primarily affecting areas like the cheeks, nose bridge, forehead, upper lip, and chin. Melasma can also appear on other sun-exposed areas of the body like the forearms, neck, and shoulders.

This skin disorder is more common in individuals with light brown to darker skin tones and is particularly prevalent in women, especially during pregnancy or when taking birth control pills. The exact cause of melasma is not fully understood but is believed to be related to the overproduction of melanocytes (cells that produce colour) in the skin.

Factors like sun exposure, hormonal changes during pregnancy or while taking birth control pills, genetics, and certain medications can contribute to the development of melasma. While melasma itself is harmless and not painful, it can be a source of self-consciousness for some individuals.

Treatment for melasma may involve options like laser therapy, radiofrequency microneedling, chemical peels, oral medication and topical creams such as hydroquinone creams. However, it’s important to note that while treatments can help fade the discoloration, melasma may not be completely curable and can recur, especially without strict sun protection measures.

Sun protection with high-SPF sunscreen is highly recommended. Overall, melasma is a chronic skin disorder that may require ongoing management to control its appearance and recurrence.

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