What are freckles?

Freckles are small, pigmented spots on the skin that are caused by an increase in melanin production. They are a common and harmless skin condition that affects many people, especially those with fair complexions.

Freckles are typically tan or light brown in color and can range in size from tiny specks to larger, more pronounced spots. They are most commonly found on sun-exposed areas of the body, such as the face, arms, and shoulders.

Freckles are often more prominent during the summer months when the skin is exposed to more UV radiation from the sun, which can stimulate the production of melanin.

There are two main types of freckles: ephelides and solar lentigines. Ephelides are the more common type and are usually genetic in nature, appearing in childhood and often fading as a person gets older.

Solar lentigines, on the other hand, are caused by sun exposure and tend to appear later in life, often as people age.

While freckles are generally harmless, it is important for individuals with freckles to be vigilant about sun protection and to monitor any changes in their skin. Freckles can sometimes be mistaken for more serious skin conditions, such as melanoma.

Overall, freckles are a unique and often endearing feature that many people embrace as a part of their natural beauty.

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